One of the main strengths of her theory is the idea that culture is both negotiated and bound: Bound by differences, and negotiated when these are exposed and discussed consciously. Rather than adopting wholesale the culture of the target language, the transaction brings the language closer to the individual’s cultural viewpoint. This will change, but at the same time it changes the cultural relationship of the target language and its originating culture. In practical terms, it points to learner centred techniques and independent learning through task based activities. Tasks should be interactive, so plenty of group work is indicated to maximize communication. Reflective activities that focus attention on differences in culture would also be useful. For example, comparing diaries in the public domain from the target culture with a journal they keep about their own life – if necessary, a journal they create just for the activity.
Read on: Implications